Publications

Recent publications (2010-now)

2017

Cai, Z.; Vásquez, R.J.; Zhao, D.; Li, L.; Lo, W.-Y.; Zhang, N.; Wu, Q.; Keller, B.; Eshun, A.; Abeyasinghe, N.; Banaszak-Holl, H.; Goodson III, T.; Yu, L. Two Photon Absorption Study of Low-Bandgap, Fully Conjugated Perylene Diimide-Thienoacene-Perylene Diimide Ladder-Type Molecules. Chem. Mater. 2017. Article ASAP. DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b01512.


Zhang, N.; Lo, W.-Y.; Jose, A.; Cai, Z.; Li, L.; Yu, L. A Single-Molecular AND Gate Operated with Two Orthogonal Switching Mechanisms. Advanced Materials. 2017, 29, 1701248. 


Mukherjee, S.; Herzing, A.A.; Zhao, D.; Wu, Q.; Yu, L.; Ade, H.; DeLongchamp, D.M.; Richter, L.J. Morphological characterization of fullerene and fullerene-free organic photovoltaics by combined real and reciprocal space techniques. Journal of Materials Research. 2017, 32, 1921-1934.


Wu, Q.; Zhao, D.; Yang, J.; Sharapov, V.; Cai, Z.; Li, L.; Zhang, N.; Neshchadin, A.; Chen, W.; Yu, L. Propeller-Shaped Acceptors for High-Performance Non-Fullerene Solar Cells: Importance of Molecular Geometry Rigidity. Chem. Mater. 2017, 29, 1127-1133.


Zhang, N.; Lo, W.-Y.; Cai, Z.; Li, L.; Yu, L. Molecular Rectification Tuned by Through-Space Gating Effect. Nano Lett. 2017, 17, 308-312.


2016

Li, L.; Lo, W.-Y.; Cai, Z.; Zhang, N.; Yu, L. Donor–Acceptor Porous Conjugated Polymers for Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production: The Importance of Acceptor Comonomer. Macromolecules. 2016, 49, 6903-6909.


Lo, W.-Y.; Zhang. N.; Cai, Z.; Li, L.; Yu, L. Beyond Molecular Wires: Design Molecular Electronic Functions Based on Dipolar Effect. Acc. Chem. Res. 2016, 49, 1852-1863.


Cai, Z.; Lo, W.-Y.; Zheng, T.; Li, L.; Zhang, N.; Hu, Y.; Yu, L. Exceptional Single-Molecule Transport Properties of Ladder-Type Heteroacene Molecular Wires.     J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2016, 138, 10630–10635.


Li, L; Hadt, R.G.; Yao, S.; Lo, W.-Y.; Cai, Z.; Wu, Q.; Pandit, B.; Chen, L.X.; Yu, L. Photocatalysts Based on Cobalt-chelating Conjugated Polymers for Hydrogen Evolution from Water. Chem. Mater. 2016, 28, 5394–5399.


Cai, Z.;​ Li, L.; Lo, W.-Y.; Zhao, D.; Wu, Q.; Zhang, N.; Su, Y.-A.; Chen, W.; Yu, L. Controlled Self-Assembly of Cyclophane Amphiphiles: From 1D Nanofibers to Ultrathin 2D Topological Structures. Macromolecules. 2016, 49, 5172-5178.


Li, L.; Cai, Z.; Wu, Q.; Lo, W.-Y.; Zhang, N.; Chen, L. X.; Yu, L. Rational Design of Porous Conjugated Polymers and Roles of Residual Palladium for Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production. J. Am. Chem. Soc2016, 138, 7681-7686.


Wu, Q.; Zhao, D.; Schneider, A. M.; Chen, W.; Yu, L. Covalently Bound Clusters of Alpha-substituted PDI—Rival Electron Acceptors to Fullerene for Organic Solar Cells. J. Am. Chem. Soc2016, 138, 7248-7251.


Fauvell, T. J.; Zheng, T.; Jackson, N. E.; Ratner, M. A.; Yu, L.; Chen, L. X. Photophysical and Morphological Implications of Single-Strand Conjugated Polymer Folding in Solution. Chem. Mater. 2016, 28, 2814–2822.


Zheng, T.; Cai, Z.; Ho-Wu, R.; Yau, S. H.; Sharapov, V.; Goodson, T.; Yu, L. Synthesis of Ladder-Type Thienoacenes and Their Electronic and Optical Properties. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2016, 138, 868–875.


Li, L.; Lo, W.-Y.; Cai, Z.; Zhang, N.; Yu, L. Proton-Triggered Switch Based on a Molecular Transistor with Edge-on Gate. Chem. Sci. 2016, 7, 3137–3141.


Zhao, D.; Wu, Q.; Cai, Z.; Zheng, T.; Chen, W.; Lu, J.; Yu, L. Electron Acceptors Based on α-Substituted Perylene Diimide (PDI) for Organic Solar Cells. Chem. Mater. 2016, 28, 1139–1146.


Pandit, B.; Jackson, N. E.; Zheng, T.; Fauvell, T. J.; Manley, E. F.; Orr, M.; Brown-Xu, S.; Yu, L.; Chen, L. X. Molecular Structure Controlled Transitions between Free-Charge Generation and Trap Formation in a Conjugated Copolymer Series. J. Phys. Chem. C.  2016, 120, 4189–4198.


2015

Jung, I. H.; Zhao, D.; Jang, J.; Chen, W.; Landry, E. S.; Lu, L.; Talapin, D. V.; Yu, L. Development and Structure/Property Relationship of New Electron Accepting Polymers Based on Thieno[2′,3′:4,5]pyrido[2,3- G ]thieno[3,2- c ]quinoline-4,10-Dione for All-Polymer Solar Cells. Chem. Mater. 201527, 5941–5948.


Lu, L.; Zheng, T.; Wu, Q.; Schneider, A. M.; Zhao, D.; Yu, L. Recent Advances in Bulk Heterojunction Polymer Solar Cells. Chem. Rev. 2015115, 12666–12731.


Lu, L.; Kelly, M. A.; You, W.; Yu, L. Status and Prospects for Ternary Organic Photovoltaics. Nat. Photonics 20159, 491–500.


Lu, L.; Chen, W.; Xu, T.; Yu, L. High-Performance Ternary Blend Polymer Solar Cells Involving Both Energy Transfer and Hole Relay Processes. Nat. Commun. 20156, 7327.


Adegoke, O. O.; Jung, I. H.; Orr, M.; Yu, L.; Goodson III, T. Effect of Acceptor Strength on Optical and Electronic Properties in Conjugated Polymers for Solar Applications. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137, 5759–5769.


Basel, T.; Huynh, U.; Zheng, T.; Xu, T.; Yu, L.; Vardeny, Z. V. Optical, Electrical, and Magnetic Studies of Organic Solar Cells Based on Low Bandgap Copolymer with Spin 1/2 Radical Additives. Adv. Funct. Mater2015, 25, 1895–1902.


Cho, S.; Rolczynski, B. S.; Xu, T.; Yu, L.; Chen, L. X. Solution Phase Exciton Diffusion Dynamics of a Charge-Transfer Copolymer PTB7 and a Homopolymer P3HT. J. Phys. Chem. B 2015, 119, 7447–7456.


Lo, W.-Y.; Bi, W.; Li, L.; Jung, I. H.; Yu, L. Edge-on Gating Effect in Molecular Wires. Nano Lett. 2015, 15, 958–962.


Niklas, J.; Beaupre, S.; Leclerc, M.; Xu, T.; Yu, L.; Sperlich, A.; Dyakonov, V.; Poluektov, O. G. Photoinduced Dynamics of Charge Separation: From Photosynthesis to Polymer-Fullerene Bulk Heterojunctions. J. Phys. Chem. B 2015, 119, 7407–7416.


Schneider, A.; Lu, L.; Manley, E. F.; Zheng, T.; Sharapov, V.; Xu, T.; Marks, T.; Chen, L.; Yu, L. Wide Bandgap OPV Polymers Based on Pyridinonedithiophene Unit with Efficiency >5%. Chem. Sci. 2015, 6, 4860–4866.


Lu, L.; Zheng, T.; Xu, T.; Zhao, D.; Yu, L. Mechanistic Studies of Effect of Dispersity on the Photovoltaic Performance of PTB7 Polymer Solar Cells. Chem. Mater. 2015, 27, 537–543.


2014

Xu, T.; Lu, L.; Zheng, T.; Szarko, J. M.; Schneider, A.; Chen, L. X.; Yu, L. Tuning the Polarizability in Donor Polymers with a Thiophenesaccharin Unit for Organic Photovoltaic Applications. Adv. Funct. Mater. 2014, 24, 3432–3437.


Lu, L.; Yu, L. Understanding Low Bandgap Polymer PTB7 and Optimizing Polymer Solar Cells Based on It. Adv. Mater. 2014, 26, 4413–4430.


Lu, L.; Xu, T.; Chen, W.; Landry, E. S.; Yu, L. Ternary Blend Polymer Solar Cells with Enhanced Power Conversion Efficiency. Nat. Photonics 2014, 8, 716–722.


Wen, J.; Miller, D. J.; Chen, W.; Xu, T.; Yu, L.; Darling, S. B.; Zaluzec, N. J. Visualization of Hierarchical Nanodomains in Polymer/Fullerene Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells. Microsc. Microanal. 2014, 20, 1507–1513.


Szarko, J. M.; Rolczynski, B. S.; Lou, S. J.; Xu, T.; Strzalka, J.; Marks, T. J.; Yu, L.; Chen, L. X. Photovoltaic Function and Exciton/Charge Transfer Dynamics in a Highly Efficient Semiconducting Copolymer. Adv. Funct. Mater. 2014, 24, 10–26.


Hsiao, Y.-C.; Zang, H.; Ivanov, I.; Xu, T.; Lu, L.; Yu, L.; Hu, B. Dielectric Interface Effects on Surface Charge Accumulation and Collection towards High-Efficiency Organic Solar Cells. J. Appl. Phys. 2014, 115, 154506/1–154506/5.


Rolczynski, B. S.; Szarko, J. M.; Son, H. J.; Yu, L.; Chen, L. X. Effects of Exciton Polarity in Charge-Transfer Polymer/PCBM Bulk Heterojunction Films. J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2014, 5, 1856–1863.


Jung, I. H.; Lo, W.-Y.; Jang, J.; Chen, W.; Zhao, D.; Landry, E. S.; Lu, L.; Talapin, D. V.; Yu, L. Synthesis and Search for Design Principles of New Electron Accepting Polymers for All-Polymer Solar Cells. Chem. Mater. 2014, 26, 3450–3459.


Zheng, T.; Lu, L.; Jackson, N. E.; Lou, S. J.; Chen, L. X.; Yu, L. Roles of Quinoidal Character and Regioregularity in Determining the Optoelectronic and Photovoltaic Properties of Conjugated Copolymers. Macromolecules 2014, 47, 6252–6259.


Lu, L.; Xu, T.; Jung, I. H.; Yu, L. Match the Interfacial Energy Levels between Hole Transport Layer and Donor Polymer To Achieve High Solar Cell Performance. J. Phys. Chem. C 2014, 118, 22834–22839.


Xu, T.; Yu, L. How to Design Low Bandgap Polymers for Highly Efficient Organic Solar Cells. Mater. Today 2014, 17, 11–15.


2013

Yuan, S.; Shui, J.-L.; Grabstanowicz, L.; Chen, C.; Commet, S.; Reprogle, B.; Xu, T.; Yu, L.; Liu, D.-J. A Highly Active and Support-Free Oxygen Reduction Catalyst Prepared from Ultrahigh-Surface-Area Porous Polyporphyrin. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 2013, 52, 8349–8353.


Lu, L.; Luo, Z.; Xu, T.; Yu, L. Cooperative Plasmonic Effect of Ag and Au Nanoparticles on Enhancing Performance of Polymer Solar Cells. Nano Lett. 2013, 13, 59–64.


Son, H. J.; Lu, L.; Chen, W.; Xu, T.; Zheng, T.; Carsten, B.; Strzalka, J.; Darling, S. B.; Chen, L. X.; Yu, L. Synthesis and Photovoltaic Effect in dithieno[2,3-d:2’,3'-d']benzo[1,2-b:4,5-B']dithiophene-Based Conjugated Polymers. Adv. Mater. 2013, 25, 838–843.


Niklas, J.; Mardis, K. L.; Banks, B. P.; Grooms, G. M.; Sperlich, A.; Dyakonov, V.; Beaupré, S.; Leclerc, M.; Xu, T.; Yu, L.; et al. Highly-Efficient Charge Separation and Polaron Delocalization in Polymer-Fullerene Bulk-Heterojunctions: A Comparative Multi-Frequency EPR and DFT Study. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2013, 15, 9562–9574.


Lu, L.; Xu, T.; Chen, W.; Lee, J. M.; Luo, Z.; Jung, I. H.; Park, H. Il; Kim, S. O.; Yu, L. The Role of N-Doped Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes in Achieving Highly Efficient Polymer Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells. Nano Lett. 2013, 13, 2365–2369.


2012

Lörtscher, E.; Gotsmann, B.; Lee, Y.; Yu, L.; Rettner, C.; Riel, H. Transport Properties of a Single-Molecule Diode. ACS Nano 2012, 6, 4931–4939.


Yuan, S.; White, D.; Mason, A.; Reprogle, B.; Ferrandon, M. S.; Yu, L.; Liu, D.-J. Improving Hydrogen Adsorption Enthalpy through Coordinatively Unsaturated Cobalt in Porous Polymers. Macromol. Rapid Commun. 2012, 33, 407–413.


Mayukh, M.; Jung, I. H.; He, F.; Yu, L. Incremental Optimization in Donor Polymers for Bulk Heterojunction Organic Solar Cells Exhibiting High Performance. J. Polym. Sci. Part B Polym. Phys. 2012, 50, 1057–1070.


Rolczynski, B. S.; Szarko, J. M.; Son, H. J.; Liang, Y.; Yu, L.; Chen, L. X. Ultrafast Intramolecular Exciton Splitting Dynamics in Isolated Low-Band-Gap Polymers and Their Implications in Photovoltaic Materials Design. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2012, 134, 4142–4152.


Wang, Z.; Yuan, S.; Mason, A.; Reprogle, B.; Liu, D.-J.; Yu, L. Nanoporous Porphyrin Polymers for Gas Storage and Separation. Macromolecules 2012, 45, 7413–7419.


Lefevre, F.; Chalifour, A.; Yu, L.; Chodavarapu, V.; Juneau, P.; Izquierdo, R. Algal Fluorescence Sensor Integrated into a Microfluidic Chip for Water Pollutant Detection. Lab Chip 2012, 12, 787–793.


Saadeh, H. A.; Lu, L.; He, F.; Bullock, J. E.; Wang, W.; Carsten, B.; Yu, L. Polyselenopheno[3,4- B ]selenophene for Highly Efficient Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells. ACS Macro Lett. 2012, 1, 361–365.


Carsten, B.; Szarko, J. M.; Lu, L.; Son, H. J.; He, F.; Botros, Y. Y.; Chen, L. X.; Yu, L. Mediating Solar Cell Performance by Controlling the Internal Dipole Change in Organic Photovoltaic Polymers. Macromolecules 2012, 45, 6390–6395.


You, J.; Chen, C.-C.; Dou, L.; Murase, S.; Duan, H.-S.; Hawks, S. A.; Xu, T.; Son, H. J.; Yu, L.; Li, G.; et al. Metal Oxide Nanoparticles as an Electron-Transport Layer in High-Performance and Stable Inverted Polymer Solar Cells. Adv. Mater. 2012, 24, 5267–5272.


Son, H. J.; Carsten, B.; Jung, I. H.; Yu, L. Overcoming Efficiency Challenges in Organic Solar Cells: Rational Development of Conjugated Polymers. Energy Environ. Sci. 2012, 5, 8158.


2011

He, F.; Yu, L. How Far Can Polymer Solar Cells Go? In Need of a Synergistic Approach. J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2011, 2, 3102–3113.


Murray, I. P.; Lou, S. J.; Cote, L. J.; Loser, S.; Kadleck, C. J.; Xu, T.; Szarko, J. M.; Rolczynski, B. S.; Johns, J. E.; Huang, J.; et al. Graphene Oxide Interlayers for Robust, High-Efficiency Organic Photovoltaics. J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2011, 2, 3006–3012.


Son, H. J.; He, F.; Carsten, B.; Yu, L. Are We There yet? Design of Better Conjugated Polymers for Polymer Solar Cells. J. Mater. Chem. 2011, 21, 18934.


Hammond, M. R.; Kline, R. J.; Herzing, A. A.; Richter, L. J.; Germack, D. S.; Ro, H.-W.; Soles, C. L.; Fischer, D. A.; Xu, T.; Yu, L.; et al. Molecular Order in High-Efficiency Polymer/fullerene Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells. ACS Nano 2011, 5, 8248–8257.


Rolczynski, B. S.; Szarko, J. M.; Lee, B.; Strzalka, J.; Guo, J.; Liang, Y.; Yu, L.; Chen, L. X. Length-Dependent Self-Assembly of Oligothiophene Derivatives in Thin Films. J. Mater. Res. 2011, 26, 296–305.


Chen, W.; Xu, T.; He, F.; Wang, W.; Wang, C.; Strzalka, J.; Liu, Y.; Wen, J.; Miller, D. J.; Chen, J.; et al. Hierarchical Nanomorphologies Promote Exciton Dissociation in Polymer/fullerene Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells. Nano Lett. 2011, 11, 3707–3713.


Hihath, J.; Bruot, C.; Nakamura, H.; Asai, Y.; Díez-Pérez, I.; Lee, Y.; Yu, L.; Tao, N. Inelastic Transport and Low-Bias Rectification in a Single-Molecule Diode. ACS Nano 2011, 5, 8331–8339.


Son, H. J.; Wang, W.; Xu, T.; Liang, Y.; Wu, Y.; Li, G.; Yu, L. Synthesis of Fluorinated Polythienothiophene-Co-Benzodithiophenes and Effect of Fluorination on the Photovoltaic Properties. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2011, 133, 1885–1894.


Lee, Y.; Yuan, S.; Yu, L. Dipolar and Electronic Effects on Charge Transport through Single Transition Metal Complexes. Sci. China Chem. 2011, 54, 410–414.


Lou, S. J.; Szarko, J. M.; Xu, T.; Yu, L.; Marks, T. J.; Chen, L. X. Effects of Additives on the Morphology of Solution Phase Aggregates Formed by Active Layer Components of High-Efficiency Organic Solar Cells. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2011, 133, 20661–20663.


Carsten, B.; He, F.; Son, H. J.; Xu, T.; Yu, L. Stille Polycondensation for Synthesis of Functional Materials. Chem. Rev. 2011, 111, 1493–1528.


Zang, H.; Liang, Y.; Yu, L.; Hu, B. Intra-Molecular Donor-Acceptor Interaction Effects on Charge Dissociation, Charge Transport, and Charge Collection in Bulk-Heterojunction Organic Solar Cells. Adv. Energy Mater. 2011, 1, 923–929.


Carsten, B.; Szarko, J. M.; Son, H. J.; Wang, W.; Lu, L.; He, F.; Rolczynski, B. S.; Lou, S. J.; Chen, L. X.; Yu, L. Examining the Effect of the Dipole Moment on Charge Separation in Donor-Acceptor Polymers for Organic Photovoltaic Applications. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2011, 133, 20468–20475.


He, F.; Wang, W.; Chen, W.; Xu, T.; Darling, S. B.; Strzalka, J.; Liu, Y.; Yu, L. Tetrathienoanthracene-Based Copolymers for Efficient Solar Cells. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2011, 133, 3284–3287.


Wang, W.; Yu, L. Intramolecular Hydrogen Bonding Assisted Charge Transport through Single Rectifying Molecule. Langmuir 2011, 27, 2084–2087.


2010

Liang, Y.; Xu, Z.; Xia, J.; Tsai, S.-T.; Wu, Y.; Li, G.; Ray, C.; Yu, L. For the Bright Future-Bulk Heterojunction Polymer Solar Cells with Power Conversion Efficiency of 7.4%. Adv. Mater. 2010, 22, E135–E138.


Guo, J.; Liang, Y.; Szarko, J.; Lee, B.; Son, H. J.; Rolczynski, B. S.; Yu, L.; Chen, L. X. Structure, Dynamics, and Power Conversion Efficiency Correlations in a New Low Bandgap Polymer: PCBM Solar Cell. J. Phys. Chem. B 2010, 114, 4746–4746.


Liang, Y.; Yu, L. Development of Semiconducting Polymers for Solar Energy Harvesting. Polym. Rev. 2010, 50, 454–473.


Xia, J.; Yuan, S.; Wang, Z.; Kirklin, S.; Dorney, B.; Liu, D.-J.; Yu, L. Nanoporous Polyporphyrin as Adsorbent for Hydrogen Storage. Macromolecules 2010, 43, 3325–3330.


Guo, J.; Liang, Y.; Szarko, J.; Lee, B.; Son, H. J.; Rolczynski, B. S.; Yu, L.; Chen, L. X. Structure, Dynamics, and Power Conversion Efficiency Correlations in a New Low Bandgap polymer:PCBM Solar Cell. J. Phys. Chem. B 2010, 114, 4746.


Yuan, S.; Dorney, B.; White, D.; Kirklin, S.; Zapol, P.; Yu, L.; Liu, D.-J. Microporous Polyphenylenes with Tunable Pore Size for Hydrogen Storage. Chem. Commun. (Camb). 2010, 46, 4547–4549.


Szarko, J. M.; Rolczynski, B. S.; Guo, J.; Liang, Y.; He, F.; Mara, M. W.; Yu, L.; Chen, L. X. Electronic Processes in Conjugated Diblock Oligomers Mimicking Low Band-Gap Polymers: Experimental and Theoretical Spectral Analysis. J. Phys. Chem. B 2010, 114, 14505–14513.


Guo, J.; Liang, Y.; Szarko, J.; Lee, B.; Son, H. J.; Son, H. J.; Rolczynski, B. S.; Yu, L.; Chen, L. X. Structure, Dynamics, and Power Conversion Efficiency Correlations in a New Low Bandgap Polymer: PCBM Solar Cell. J. Phys. Chem. B 2010, 114, 742–748.


Szarko, J. M.; Guo, J.; Liang, Y.; Lee, B.; Rolczynski, B. S.; Strzalka, J.; Xu, T.; Loser, S.; Marks, T. J.; Yu, L.; et al. When Function Follows Form: Effects of Donor Copolymer Side Chains on Film Morphology and BHJ Solar Cell Performance. Adv. Mater. 2010, 22, 5468–5472.


Liang, Y.; Yu, L. A New Class of Semiconducting Polymers for Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells with Exceptionally High Performance. Acc. Chem. Res. 2010, 43, 1227–1236.


Book chapters

Luyao Lu, Luping Yu. Polymers for Solar Cells. In Encyclopedia of Polymeric Nanomaterials; Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2015; pp. 2013–2020.


Yongye Liang, Luping Yu. Conjugated Block Copolymers and Cooligomers. In Self-Organized Organic Semiconductors: From Materials to Device Applications; John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011; pp. 21–38.

For more publications please follow the link to Luping Yu's Google Scholar account.